The plant Helianthus tuberosus (Latin) is known around the world as Jerusalem artichoke. It belongs to the family of sunflowers. Jerusalem artichokes are healthy, ground vegetables that have many medicinal properties and great nutritional value. The bark can go from light brown to purple and red, and can also be eaten if it is cleansed well.
Jerusalem artichoke is a very nutritious vegetable (79 calories per 100 g). It is a rich source of calcium, iron, zinc, phosphorus and vitamins, proteins, fats, cellulose, carbohydrates.
It is one of the best sources of plant fibers like inulin. Inulin does not contain calories, but it is also an inert carbohydrate that does not affect carbohydrate metabolism in the body. Due to its sweet taste, it is an ideal sweetener for diabetics and those that eject crystalline sugar from the diet.
Because it is low in calories, rich in fiber and contributes to longer satiety, artichoke is recommended as a food in various diets. The bitter taste of cyanine stimulates the activity of the bile and improves the degradation of excess fats. Avoid using salt while you are on a diet that includes an artichoke.
If you are a fan of raw food, then it is best to only wash thoroughly Jerusalem artichokes and enjoy its crisp and refreshing taste. Jerusalem artichoke is good for the preparation of fresh salads as well. They should be washed well and shredded along with beets, carrots and apples.
If fried, Jerusalem artichokes will quickly soften (fry for 4-6 minutes) but perhaps it is the best if it remains at least a little bit crispy, and if you want to achieve that, fry it for 2-4 minutes.
The artichoke composition allows it to fit well with lemon, orange, raspberries, capers, and spices such as garlic, bay leaf, parsley, basil and coriander.